Jean-Paul Mousseau

Mousseau working on one of his circles at Peel metroBorn: 1 January 1927, in Montreal
Died: February 7, 1991

Jean-Paul Mousseau grew up in the Centre-Sud area of Montreal. Studying at the Collège Notre-Dame, he quickly aligned himself with the nascent Automatistes art movement and became a student of Paul-Émile Borduas. He swiftly rose to importance with a series of exhibitions in Quebec, elsewhere in Canada, and Europe, and especially as one of the 16 signataries of the manifesto "Refus global."

In the 1950s and 1960s he explored media other than paint, collaborating with Claude Vermette in ceramics and integration of art with architecture, and then later with resins and lighting elements.

Along with the other Automatistes, he clashed with art director Robert La Palme over the metro's art policy; while La Palme insisted on representational, didactic works sponsored and installed after the stations were complete, Mousseau and the other Autonomistes favoured works integrated with the architecture, including non-representational pieces. Abstraction and architectural integration would win the day when Mousseau succeeded La Palme as art director in 1972 until the mid-80s, influencing the artistic programme of all the extensions of the metro.

Mousseau's signature in one of the circles at PeelWorks:

Works in the metro:
Opus 74 (mural) Viau
Two murals Honoré-Beaugrand
54 circles Peel (some removed)
Mural Square-Victoria
Associated with the metro:
Murals Angrignon Garage

Other works:
• In Montreal:
Lumière et mouvement dans la couleur (mural) Hydro-Québec, Ville-Marie
Verticales (painting) Tour Banque Nationale, Ville-Marie

External Links:

  • Les artistes du métro de Montréal - Les grands disparus (3) (Info STM, Métro, 18 March 2003, p. 11). In French, .pdf format
  • Hydro-Québec - Biography of Jean-Paul Mousseau
  • Jean-Paul Mousseau — Wikipedia